Thomas "The Clerk" Carruthers 1st Laird of Mouswald 134
- Born: Abt 1290, Scotland
- Marriage (1): Joan de Applynden
- Marriage (2): Joan de Applynden about 1320
- Died: Halidon Hill, England
William de Carruthers was the first Carruthers mentioned in recorded history when he made a donation to the Abbey of Newbattle during the Reign of Alexander II (1215-1245). It was actually his great-grandson, Thomas Carruthers, who was the 1st Laird of Mouswald, having received the charter for Mouswald around 1320.
For his earlier support of Robert the Bruce, Thomas Carruthers had received a charter for all the lands of "Musfald et de Appiltretwayt cum pertinenciis". This Thomas also received in the same year, a charter of half of all the lands, with pertinents, which belonged to "Robert de Applingdene in valle Anandie", due to his marriage to one of Robert de Applynden's daughters, Joan. These lands formed the kernel of what was to become just 4 generations later, the 1st Carruthers Barony - Mouswald, which is located just a few miles south of Dumfries.
With Edward Balliol ceding the land of Dumfries to Edward III after the defeat at Halidon Hill, Thomas Carruthers accepted an office under Edward III of England and relocated there, leaving his Mouswald land to his next oldest brother, William, now 2nd Lord Mouswald. Thomas is assumed to be the founder of the Carruthers family in England, where the family appeared at an early date in Cumberland, Northumberland, Durham, and Yorkshire.
William's great-great-grandson John, the 6th Laird of Mouswald, became the 1st Baron Mouswald. This John was also at one time the Captain of Lochmaben Caslte.
Noted events in his life were:
• He was awarded the title of 1st Laird of Mouswald in Mouswald, Dumfries, Scotland in 1320 received the charter for Mouswald around 1320.
• He worked as a servant to Edward III. in 1334 in Halidon Hill, England. With Edward Balliol ceding the land of Dumfries to Edward III after the defeat at Halidon Hill, Thomas Carruthers accepted an office under Edward III of England and relocated there.
The Clerk married Joan de Applynden.
The Clerk next married Joan de Applynden, daughter of Robert de Applynden and Unknown, about 1320.