Jacques "Jacob" Bourgeois 134
- Born: 9 Jan 1621, Le Ferte Gaucher, St. Romain, Champagne, France
- Marriage: Jeanne Trahan
- Died: 1701, Port Royal, Acadia aged 80
The latest research indicates Jacques Bourgeois was most likely born in La Ferté-Gaucher, near Paris, as the son of a widow, Marguerite Bourgeois Grandjehan and raised under the maiden name of his mother. In the registers of the parish of Saint-Romain a baptismal certificate for Jacob Bourgeois was found indicating he was born on January 9, 1621, the son of Marguerite Bourgeois and the deceased Nicolas Grandjehan.
Although, other accounts indicate that two Jacques (father and son) immigrated to Acadia, and the father later returned to France (as indicated in the account from "Acadian Decendants"). This is extremely unlikely, because this elder Jacques was purportedly some 60 years old than Jacques Jacob, and so was his wife. He was quite likely a relative of some sort however.
Jacques (called Jacob) Bourgeois was born 1621, and died in 1701 in Port Royal, Acadia. He married Jeanne Trahan in Port-Royal, Acadia, daughter of Guillaume Trahan and Françoise Corbineau. He arrived in Acadia about 1643 aboard the St-Francois from La Rochelle, France. His wife Jeanne arrived on the Saint Jehan in 1636. He was apparently trained as a surgeon by the Order of Malta.
The Port-Royal census of 1671 indicates that Jacob (Jacques) Bourgeois druggist, 50; and wife Jeanne Trahan; children: Jeanne 27, Charles 25, Germain 21, Marie 19, Guillaume 16, Marguerite 13, Francois 12, Anne 10, Marie 7, Jeanne; owned 33 cattle and 24 sheep.
The Port-Royal census of 1678 indicates that Jacques Bourgeois and wife Jeanne Trahan; children: Marie 15, Jeanne 12; owned 20 acres, 15 cattle.
The Port-Royal census of 1686 mentions Jacob Bourgeois 67, Jeanne Trahan 57; child: Guillaume 31; 20 arpents.
The Port-Royal census of 1693 mentions Jacob Bourgeois 74, Jeanne Trahan 64, Jeanne (granddaughter) 3; 15 cattle, 20 sheep, 15 pigs, 40 arpents, 1 gun.
The Beaubassin census of 1701 mentions Sieur Jacques Bourgeois 82, Jeanne Trahan his wife 72; Germain Bourgeois 48; Madeleine Dugas his wife 34; Guillaume 24; Agnes 12; 22 cattle, 15 hogs, 21 arpents, 3 guns, 1 servant.
Acadian Descendants, Vol I, by Janet Jehn
Before leaving France, Bourgeois had entered the medical profession. He came to Port-Royal in 1642 with 18 families that Gov. Menou d'Aulnay brought with him on one of his voyages, Bourgeois' father, also named Jacques, was an army officer at Port-Royal and the brother-in-law of Germaine Doucet, Sieur de La Verdure, Aulnay's assistant.... [as referred to above, it is unlikely that Jacques was Jacques Jacob's father, but more likely another close relative].
While Jacques senior was returned to France, his son remained in Acadia where he became the ancestor of a large number of descendants, In 1643 he had married Jeanne, Guillaume Trahan's daughter, who was born in France in 1631; they had ten children; seven girls and three boys.
At Port-Royal, Jacques became a farmer and shipbuilder. He traded with the Bostonians, particularly with John Nelson and William Phips; he learned their language, and was the interpreter for the French in their dealings with the English. In 1672 he sold part of his holdings at Port-Royal in order to settle, with his sons Charles and Germain, and two of his sons-in-law, in the Chigneto Basin, thus becoming the first promoter of settlement in this region; he built a flour mill and a saw mill there. A few years later, in 1676, the region was made into a Seigneury, the holder of which was Michel Leneuf de la Valliere (the elder), a nobleman born at Trois-Rivieres; the new fief, 100 square leagues in extent, was named Beaubassin. As LaValliere brought in settlers and indentured employees from Canada, two distinct establishments adjoined each other at Beaubassin; but a clause in the title to the land grant protected the interests of Jacques Bourgeois and the other Acadian settlers established on the domain; it was not long before the two elements of the population merged into one....
The distinguished colonist had settled at Port-Royal again before 1699; he died there, an octogenarian, in 1701. The family name was perpetuated by two of his three sons: Charles, born in 1646, who married Anne Dugas in 1668; and Germain, born about 1650, who married his first wife, Marguerite Belliveau, in 1673 and his second wife, Madeleine Dugas, in 1682; the third son, Guillaume, left only a daughter.
Jacob married Jeanne Trahan, daughter of Guillame Trahan and Francoise Corbineau. (Jeanne Trahan was born in 1629 in St Germain, Indre-et-Loire, Centre, France and died in 1702 in Port Royal, Acadia.)